News Updates’Detrimental To Interest Of Inhabitants Of Village’: Punjab & Haryana High Court Quashes Govt Order For Exchange Of Gram Panchayat Land LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK12 March 2021 8:10 AMShare This – x”The Gram Panchayat of the village being democratically elected by the inhabitants of the village is under duty to watch the interest of the inhabitants of the village,” observed the Punjab and Haryana High Court last month while setting aside Resolutions passed by the Gram Panchayat as well as decision of the State Government, according its approval for exchange of a land belonging to…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?Login”The Gram Panchayat of the village being democratically elected by the inhabitants of the village is under duty to watch the interest of the inhabitants of the village,” observed the Punjab and Haryana High Court last month while setting aside Resolutions passed by the Gram Panchayat as well as decision of the State Government, according its approval for exchange of a land belonging to the Gram Panchayat with that of a private developer. A Division Bench comprising of Justice Rajan Gupta and Justice Karamjit Singh observed that the said exchange of land is detrimental to the interest of the inhabitants of the village inasmuch as the Gram Panchayat land was viable for commercial purposes when compared to the land proposed to be exchanged. In this backdrop, the Bench said, “it was necessary for the Gram Panchayat to apply its mind and to satisfy itself that the exchange in question is for the benefit of the inhabitants of the village, however, no such satisfaction was recorded by it while passing the impugned resolutions. The land which the Gram Panchayat intends to give to respondent No.9 by way of exchange has got much more commercial and industrial potential than the land which the Gram Panchayat will get in exchange.” Background The Bench was presiding over a writ petition filed by a village-resident, disputing the said exchange on the ground that the even though the lands proposed to be exchanged were of identical area, there was a huge difference in their values. He submitted that the land belonging to Gram Panchayat was of very high commercial value as it was abutting the 200 feet wide “PR-9 road” going towards the Mohali International Airport, whereas the land belonging to respondent No. 9 (private developer) was away from the said road and was low lying and prone to flooding was less valuable. He contended that the Resolutions passed by the Gram Panchayat were totally illegal being in violation of Rule 5 of Punjab Village Common Lands (Regulation) Rules 1964 and the aforesaid resolutions were passed for extraneous consideration in order to give undue benefit to the Respondent. [Rule 5 states that a Panchayat, if it is of opinion that it is necessary so to do for the benefit of the inhabitants of the village, may with the prior approval of the Government transfer any land in shamilat deh by exchange with the land of an equivalent value] State’s Argument The State counsel argued that the approval was granted by the Government while taking into consideration the fact that the Collector rate, Market rate and Chhant rate of both the lands under exchange were equal. He further argued that with the construction of PR-9 road, the land of the Gram Panchayat was divided into 2 portions and therefore, the utility of land of Gram Panchayat was also reduced. However, with the proposed exchange of land, the entire land of Gram Panchayat would be converted into one big piece of land, having better utilization The Advocate General, Punjab also contended that the Petitioner was not having any right to challenge the aforesaid action of the Punjab Government as well as the resolutions passed by the Gram Panchayat. The Senior Counsel appearing on behalf of the private-Respondents contended that the low laying and water-logged land of Gram Panchayat is of no use and is not of any benefit to the residents of the village. He also submitted that the Petitioner failed to avail the alternative remedy of the statutory appeal under Section 6 of the Punjab Village Common Lands (Regulations) Act 1961. Findings At the outset, the Bench rejected the plea of lack of locus standi raised by the private-Respondent. It held, “In the case in hand the Gram Panchayat has failed to show that the proposed exchange of land is for the benefit of the residents of the village. Anybody who has been prejudicially affected by the aforesaid acts or omissions committed by the Gram Panchayat could invoke writ jurisdiction, even though he may not have proprietary interest in the subject matter.” The Bench further rejected the plea of alternate remedy, stating, “As the petitioner was not party to the impugned proceedings, he was having no right to challenge the same by filing statutory appeal, as has been suggested by the counsel for the respondents. Also the existence of alternative remedy is not an absolute bar on the jurisdiction of the High Court under Article 226 and is a rule of discretion and self-imposed limitation rather than that of law.” Coming to the merits of the case, the Bench made the following observations: Gram Panchayat land abutted a 200 feet wide PR-9 road which approaches the Mohali International Airport whereas the land proposed for exchange was situated adjacent to a sewage drain. It thus held, “In lieu of the said land, he would get the prime land abutting 200 feet wide PR-9 road, having high commercial and industrial potential. The entire process of exchange of land smacks of mala fide as its real purpose is to give benefit to the colonizer/developer who would later on sell the same in the shape of plots/flats/houses at exorbitant rates. … The Gram Panchayat land is highly valuable being useful for industrial as well as commercial purpose, as compared to the land which the Gram Panchayat would get in its exchange from the private developer.” It added that the sewage drain emitting foul smell may be a permanent source of nuisance for the adjoining land owners. However, at the same time, the said drain meant for disposal of sewage water is at a distance of more than 6 acres from the land of the Gram Panchayat, which is proposed to be given by it in exchange to the respondent No.9. “This clearly shows that the private colonizer/developer i.e. respondent No.9 intends to get rid of his land, which is unfit for residential purpose being near to the aforesaid drain,” it remarked. The Bench noted that even in the approval given by the State Government, there was no mention that the land of the Gram Panchayat was having disadvantage of being low lying and water logged. It observed, “As per the respondents, the land of the Gram Panchayat, which was sought to be given in exchange to respondent Nos. 9 and 10 has got certain disadvantages/limitations…We are of the view that the above discussed encumbrances/limitations would pass over to respondent No.9, at the time of the proposed exchange. It means that respondent No.9 would get the exchanged land along with aforesaid encumbrances. So, respondent No.9 would be having same disadvantages qua the said land, which are presently faced by the Gram Panchayat. The respondents have failed to explain as to how a private developer has become interested in exchange of land, in case, it is not beneficial for him.” In fact, the Court opined that division of the Gram Panchayat land into two would come as an advantage. It said, “In view of the fact that 200 feet wide PR-9 road has divided the Panchayat land into two parts, we find that the same has increased the potential value of the said land which is now abutting both sides of the road leading to Mohali International Airport. So, the plea taken by the respondents that the utility and value of land belonging to Gram Panchayat was diminished due to construction of PR-9 road, which divided it into two parts, appears to be totally misplaced and could not be accepted.” Accordingly, the impugned Resolutions passed by the Gram Panchayat and the Government orders permitting exchange of land were set aside, being in violation of statutory provisions of law. Case Title: Baljit Singh v. State of Punjab & Ors. Click Here To Download Order Read OrderSubscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
The workshop was originally set to be held in March in person but was delayed due to the virus. Canada and Mexico, who each have three candidate cities, held their workshops earlier this year before COVID-19 lockdowns.”The start date of the workshop is tomorrow but it’s not clear yet obviously when we will be able to come and conduct those inspection visits,” said Smith.”I would say we need a few more weeks yet to see how things develop and then I would say Q3, beginning of Q4 this year we would have a better idea as to the inspection visit schedule and then obviously the time needed for the selection.”The US candidate cities are Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Cincinnati, Dallas, Denver, Houston, Kansas City, Los Angeles, Miami, Nashville, New York/New Jersey, Orlando, Philadelphia, San Francisco Bay area, Seattle and Washington. A final decision on the venues for the 2026 World Cup being jointly hosted by the United States, Canada and Mexico has been significantly delayed by the COVID-19 outbreak, global soccer’s governing body FIFA said on Monday.FIFA’s chief tournaments and events officer Colin Smith said they had initially hoped to finalize venues by spring 2021 but that timeline was based on having started the process in March and conducting two rounds of inspection visits by year end.”Obviously now we have had to delay that,” Smith said on a conference call ahead of Tuesday’s virtual workshop with the 17 US cities under consideration. “It is very difficult to give a final date because we don’t know when the start date is.” FIFA will select up to 16 of the 23 venues put forward in the joint bid.Smith said the decision on which venues to pick will be made based on criteria like their location, time zones and weather conditions rather than simply try and showcase different parts of the country.”Nothing is set in stone from our point of view. We want to look at the whole picture,” said Smith.”We look at all those considerations and ultimately what we are looking to do is to come up together with US Soccer the best list of stadiums for hosting this tournament.”Topics :
By John Burton FAIR HAVEN – “It has been an interesting year. There’ve been a lot of challenges.”That is Mayor Benjamin J. Lucarelli’s assessment about his nearly year-long tenure as an appointed mayor.Lucarelli, who was sworn in on Jan. 1 following his election in November for a two-year term, now looks forward to the next two years as the borough’s mayor.“A lot of great things have happened and some difficult things happened,” during 2012, he said.Lucarelli noted that a high point was the borough’s centennial and its long planned celebrations, including the daylong event featuring a parade, picnic and fireworks.The day was deemed so successful that officials have decided to schedule it as an annual event. “It was absolutely wonderful,” he said. It had “all the highs that a mayor can have.”Super Storm Sandy, that wreaked havoc on much of the Jersey Shore, was at the other end of the spectrum.Fair Haven is situated on a higher elevation than many of its neighbors and was spared the flooding that other communities experienced. However, the storm caused a remarkable number of downed trees and residents and businesses in the 2.1-square mile community – like many other communities in the area – endured about two weeks without electric power.Restoration of power to the borough’s roughly 6,000 residents was also impacted by the nor’easter that blew through the area shortly after Sandy. The Dec. 26 storm, with its high winds and heavy rain, Lucarelli also noted, again caused some limited power outages in the town. “That shows you how fragile our [power] grid is,” he said. The power grid and other issues will have to be addressed in the coming year, he said.Lucarelli was selected last February as the borough’s mayor by a 5-0 vote of the all-Republican Borough Council . He replaced Michael Halfacre, who stepped down in January to become director of the state’s Division of Alcohol Beverage Control.Lucarelli was named to the council in January 2009 to fill a vacant seat and then went on to win a full three-year term to the council in November 2009. He ran unopposed last November for the remaining two years of Halfacre’s four-year term, which runs through December 2014.Lucarelli, who operates a commercial real estate and property management firm in Red Bank, talked about what the coming year will mean for him as mayor and the community as it continues to recover from the storm.One of the most pressing issues, he said, will be the council’s ability to address its increasing employee pension and benefit obligation. For about the last five years the municipal budget has been flat or even with a slight reduction in the tax levy. But the pension and benefit obligation – which has grown in recent years from being a relatively small budget line item to an $800,000 item – is now about 12 percent of the entire budget. The governing body will have to look at ways to address that, he said.“It’s going to be a real challenge trying to keep a lid on expenses as we go forward,” he acknowledged, especially having to address requirements imposed on municipalities by the various levels of government.Surprisingly, though, the costs to the borough for Sandy weren’t as overwhelming as in some communities. Overtime, obviously, increased during the emergency, but, Lucarelli said, department heads, especially the Department of Public Work’s, kept a tight rein on it, sparing taxpayers.The borough’s initial claim submitted to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) was for $50,000. Most of that, he said, was for fuel reimbursement as DPW workers collected and chipped 100,000 yards of brush and cut up trees.Despite the demands the office places on its holder, Lucarelli said he looks forward to the next two years and is mindful of the work so many do, including the professional staff and the many volunteers who give up their time to help the community function.The key to continuing, Lucarelli said, is to “plan and try to make the right decisions.”
Special auditory devices – such as bells, wind chimes and drums – are also put at the four corners of the playground. The different instruments help children map the structure by associating the sound with a specific area.Courtesy St. Joseph’s School For The Blind“(These features are) about sensory, so everything here engages the senses in some way, shape or form,” said Thrailkill, who is also a certified playground safety inspector.Other possible features include an engraved map of the playground at the entrance so children can feel where certain structures are and a maximum height difference of 6 inches between decks.Thrailkill added that slides and access points are on opposite sides to limit kids’ directional confusion, and that pads with different textures both mark the edge of the structure and are interactive for the children.“If you didn’t know these little details you probably wouldn’t even realize it was a special playground,” said Lotano.The Colts Neck Lions Club, whose parent organization, Lions Club International, has a long history of performing services to help the blind and visually impaired, is looking to use grant money to fund the construction of the playground. In addition, the organization has held events like a pancake breakfast and brewery tour to raise funds for the project.Lotano said while he’d like to build the playground at home in Colts Neck, if the space is not available he’d at least like to keep the project local and within Monmouth County.However, Albert Plevier, vice president of the Monmouth County Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired, raised concerns about the need for the project.“In the area how many visually impaired, how many blind children are going to be able to use (the playground),” said Plevier, who has been blind for 42 years. “From my knowledge, from what I’ve experienced (sight impairment numbers) have gone down, so I don’t know exactly what need it is.”Nicole Brossoie, assistant commissioner of public affairs in the New Jersey Department of Human Services, wrote in an email that while “definitions of visual impairment vary greatly, so there’s not a lot of hard data,” there is an estimated 2.3 percent rate of visual impairment in the state.So with Monmouth County’s population of 622,710 people, of which about 150,000 are children, “we can speculate that there are about (15,500 individuals) with visual impairments, including 3,750 children,” Brossoie said.While certainly unique, this type of playground would not be the first in New Jersey. The St. Joseph’s School for the Blind in Jersey City houses one of these specialized playgrounds for children with disabilities.Lotano met with the school’s director of communications to tour their playground and see firsthand how the special features work.Ellen Felicetta, the communications director for the St. Joseph’s School of the Blind, is supportive of bringing a specialized playground to the Monmouth County area. She said that these types of playgrounds are important because they are not just for children with visual impairment.“I think that what’s good about these playgrounds is that they are all-inclusive,” Felicetta said. “They work for children with disabilities, they work for (children without disabilities) as well.” By Dan RussoCOLTS NECK – The Colts Neck Lions Club is raising money to fund the construction of a playground in Monmouth County specially designed for children who are blind or who have visual impairment.The playground will be either a completely new structure or an addition to an existing one. It will include special features that use the children’s senses other than sight, such as touch and hearing, to navigate and interact with the jungle gym.But the project’s goal extends beyond creating a space for children with visual impairment to play. Justin Lotano, president of the Lions Club branch in Colts Neck, hopes the playground will bring together children with and without visual impairment so they may interact and play in an inclusive environment.“(The playground) allows (children with visual impairment) to have a platform to interact with the other children and have something that will help them be more comfortable in that environment,” Lotano said. While the plans, location and contractor for the project have not been finalized yet, Lotano reached out to EcoPlay Playgrounds, Inc. for preliminary design ideas and price estimates.The Georgia-based custom playground design company, which created a jungle gym at the Center for the Visually Impaired (CVI) in Atlanta, aligns with Lotano’s vision on an inclusive play space.“We as playground designers want our playgrounds to be enjoyed by everyone and that includes potentially those with visual impairments,” said Dan Thrailkill, a commercial playground consultant at EcoPlay Playgrounds.Special features of the playground could include a brightly colored, rubberized surface. As a much softer surface than concrete, this material is used at the access points of the playground so children can feel where the entrance is. It’s also used beneath the jungle gym to soften the landing if a child was to fall, Thrailkill said.
By Natalie B. Anzarouth |FAIR HAVEN – Borough officials have authorized the use of eminent domain to acquire a vacant property at 626 River Road, a parcel the governing body has eyed for the location of its new municipal building.During an Oct. 9 meeting the Borough Council adopted an ordinance enabling the acquisition of the former Sunoco gas station if an agreement cannot be reached with the property owner.Mayor Benjamin Lucarelli disclosed the borough’s plan to construct a new three-story municipal building, which would house a police station, Department of Public Works offices, administrative offices, council chambers and a court room and general meeting area. The construction would also include 42 additional parking spaces.The mayor and council agreed that the level of services the borough offers has greatly increased over time and with it the need for real estate. Due to the deteriorating conditions of both the borough police station and the DPW, the governing body is seeking to acquire and redevelop the Sunoco property.The borough’s current police facility at 35 Fisk St. is a former schoolhouse that was retrofitted in the ’20s and no longer meets the needs of a modern police force, Lucarelli said.“It is infested. It does not meet any of the current building codes,” said Lucarelli, adding that the facility lacks ADA compliance, makes the processing of prisoners “highly problematic” and also lacks the appropriate locker space for the female officers. “This I find to be unacceptable.”Lucarelli described the state of the current DPW facility as being in an “advanced state of disrepair,” with roof leaks and improper heating systems. “It doesn’t meet any OSHA (Operation Safety and Health Administration) standards,” the mayor said.He said the borough investigated fixing the existing facilities but even a budget of $1.5 to $2 million wouldn’t fix many of the underlying infrastructure and plumbing issues.If the borough acquires the Sunoco property, it has tapped Eli Goldstein of Maplewood architectural firm The Goldstein Partnership, to draft detailed concept plans to be presented to the public.Lucarelli said the governing body hopes to purchase the property through negotiation but eminent domain is a viable option if a deal can’t be struck. According to Lucarelli, the borough has made several attempts to contact the property owner, including three certified letters, all of which were returned.Resident Diane Mevorah asked the mayor and council to be more transparent about the development plans and wondered why residents are just receiving notice about a project that is 18 months in the making.“We are being as transparent as practicality and statute allow. It would be impractical for us to start a conversation about doing a development on a piece of land that we didn’t have control of,” said Lucarelli, who noted the property had erroneously appeared on a Registered Open Space Inventory, which previously prohibited the site for government use.The plan is to build a smaller DPW facility and move on-site borough vehicles to a 2,000-square-foot structure at Fair Haven fields, though Mevorah expressed concern over the preservation of that natural setting, if that size structure with park maintenance equipment and vehicles is introduced.“The idea is to get the intensity of the industrial use out of the residential area,” Lucarelli said. “Same thing with the police station. What the state will allow us to do is to put the parks maintenance equipment in a facility there. What we’re looking at right now is just north of where the gardens are situated (just before the Methodist Church).”Lucarelli said the borough hopes to offset the cost of the project by subdividing the current DPW property at 1 Allen St. into 10 lots that could be sold.“After we’ve sold off the property, it would come to a net neutral payment for taxpayers. We feel this is the best course,” Lucarelli added, stating that the 35 Fisk St. site could also be sold and a state grant could be used to replace the on-site community center with a new facility in the town’s library.Though no concept plans have been drafted, Lucarelli said the construction would adhere to borough ordinances and would not exceed 35 feet in height.This article was first published in the Oct. 18 – Oct. 24, 2018 print edition of The Two River Times.
Breeders’ Cup will release a complete event recap with total handle, including separate pools, early next week. “The Breeders’ Cup exists to showcase the very best of Thoroughbred racing and we witnessed that over the last two days,” Breeders’ Cup President and CEO Craig Fravel said. “We want to thank racing fans here and around the world for watching and wagering on our event. Santa Anita showed again why it is such a spectacular venue for our championships and we also want to thank our hosts from the Stronach Group, its staff, our volunteers and the cites of Arcadia and Pasadena.” Common-pool wagering on Saturday’s 12-race Breeders’ Cup card was $109,055,897, a 3.2% increase over the $105,625,491 wagered in 2015. Common-pool wagering for the two days was $159,991,803 an increase of 6.25% over the $150,574,656 total in 2015. Breeders’ Cup Two-Day Attendance and Handle (common-pool) history:2016, Santa Anita Park – 118,484; $157,541,7372015, Keeneland Race Course – 94,652; $150,574,6562014, Santa Anita Park – 98,319; $151,794,1742013, Santa Anita Park – 94,628; $160,704,877 (includes separate pools)2012, Santa Anita Park – 89,742; $144,272,3322011, Churchill Downs – 105,820; $161,512,8672010, Churchill Downs – 114,353; $173,857,6972009, Santa Anita Park – 96,496; $153,271,1762008, Santa Anita Park – 86,588; $155,740,3282007, Monmouth Park – 69,584; $129,197,262 Saturday’s attendance at Santa Anita was the highest for any Breeders’ Cup day since 72,730 were on hand at Churchill Downs in 2010 to see legendary race mare Zenyatta in the final race of her career. The two-day attendance for 2016 was 118,484, the highest in Breeders’ Cup history. ARCADIA, Calif. (Nov. 5, 2016) – A crowd of 72,811, the highest single-day attendance for a Breeders’ Cup since the event switched to a two-day format, cheered on as blossoming 3-year-old star, Juddmonte Farms’ Arrogate, bested hometown favorite California Chrome, North America’s richest racehorse, at the wire to win the $6 million Breeders’ Cup Classic today at Santa Anita Park. Saturday’s on-track handle was $13,515,269, an increase of 3.5% over last year’s on-track handle at Keeneland. The on-track handle at Santa Anita for the two days was $20,694,235.
by Hedda Meadan, Ph.D. Return to article. Long DescriptionTwins Hugging Brothers, Pixabay.com, CC0In our recent webinar “What Do We Know: Autism Screening, Diagnosis, and Supporting Young Children and Families” we discussed the increasing prevalence of autism in the US and common red flags for autism. We also addressed strategies for partnering with and supporting families with children with autism.All family members should be respected, valued, and supported. Siblings of children with autism need to feel informed as well as other family members. Siblings should be encouraged to advocate for their needs and the needs of their sibling with autism. Learning how to relate to or interact with their sibling with autism may be another area in which support is needed.Guide Books and Tool KitsThe Organization for Autism Research (OAR) developed three guidebooks to validate the experiences of siblings, help siblings understand their responsibilities, and identify helpful strategies to address challenges.Brothers, Sisters, and Autism: A Parent’s Guide to Supporting SiblingsThis guide explains how parents can support siblings of children with autism.Autism, My Sibling, and MeThis workbook, designed for children ages 5 to 10 years, helps siblings learn what autism is and to better understand their brother or sister with autism.Life as an Autism Sibling: A Guide for TeensFor teens who have a sibling with autism, this guide is written in a Q&A format and includes strategies to help them address different challenges.Autism Speaks provides a tool kit for siblings on their website. The Sibling’s Guide to Autism: An Autism Speaks Family Support Tool Kit is designed to help children learn about autism and ways they can support their sibling with autism as well as themselves. Stories from siblings of a child with autism are also included throughout the book.Support ProgramsPrograms for siblings such as the Sibling Support Project help local communities start Sibshops– peer support groups for school-age brothers and sisters of children with special needs.Children’s BooksThere are also many children’s books available to support siblings of children with disabilities, including autism that may be helpful.HANDS in AutismThis training and resource center extends the work of the Christian Sarkine Autism Treatment Center at Riley Hospital at Indiana University Health and the Indiana University School of Medicine. One of their Pinterest boards is devoted to books for siblings related to autism.American Psychological AssociationThe APA also provides a list of books for children related to autism.Sibling Support ProjectThis organization provides a list of resources that includes books to support siblings of children with autism.The Sibling Slam BookThis book, geared towards teens, was a finalist for a 2006 Independent Publishers Book Award. In it, teens read and answer personal questions specifically about having a sibling with a disability.Sesame StreetIn honor of Autism Awareness Month, Sesame Street recently introduced Julia’s family. Julia, the orange-haired, twinkly-eyed character with autism joined Sesame Street online in 2015 and became a part of the television show in 2017. The family includes Julia’s older brother, Sam, her mom, Elena, her dad, Daniel, and her dog, Rose.Sesame Street’s autism initiative website, See Amazing in All Children, offers three new videos featuring Julia’s family, an interactive game, and articles with tips for parents, families, siblings, and friends.In the video below, the character Abby Cadabby is sad. Sam, Julia’s brother, suggests they give Abby a starfish hug. He explains, “Starfish hugs are awesome! Because Julia has autism she doesn’t like big hugs so we do starfish hug instead.”Exploring these resources may help caregivers identify what will be most helpful for siblings of children with autism. Do you know of other resources to support siblings of children with autism? Leave us a comment below! Siblings, Pixabay.com, CC0
3A. P. Indy19892910– Curlin could break into the ranks of top Derby siresSires with at least five offspring who raced or are set to race in the Kentucky Derby, 1875* through 2018 Dynaformer19855– Mendelssohn✓✓ Ambiorix19465– Dixieland Band19805– Count Fleet19405– McGee19005– Graustark19635– Heliopolis19369– Mr. Prospector got luckyRelationship of Mr. Prospector to every horse in the 2018 Kentucky Derby Bold Bidder19625– Pompey19235– Promises Fulfilled✓✓ The Porter19158– 13Scat Daddy20047– Flameaway✓✓ El Prado19895– Ballot190410– Cox’s Ridge19747– Hofburg✓✓ Hail to Reason19587– Khaled19436– Wrack19095– North Star III191410– Man o’ War19177– Magnum Moon✓✓ Sweep19077– Gone West19845– Gulch19845– Tiznow1997217– In every Kentucky Derby, breeding is the silent, invisible force that can play a huge role in deciding the outcome of the race. What’s unusual about the 2018 Kentucky Derby is the sameness of the breeding.When the race kicks off at about 6:30 p.m. on Saturday, the 20-horse field1We’re considering only the 20 horses that have a guaranteed spot in Saturday’s race. One additional horse was granted alternate status in case another horse scratches, but the alternate was not counted in this analysis. will feature nine runners who were sired by just three stallions, which means 45 percent of the runners will be competing against what humans might consider a half-brother. And that’s the third-highest percentage in the 94 Kentucky Derbys for which horseracingnation.com has sire data on all the competitors.Leading the family business this year is the stallion Scat Daddy, who sired four colts in the race: The morning-line favorite Justify (3-1) and the second-favorite Mendelssohn (5-1), as well as long shots Flameaway (30-1) and Combatant (50-1). To see how unusual it is for four half-siblings2In horse-racing parlance, two horses with the same sire are technically not considered “half-siblings,” a term reserved for two horses with the same mare. to enter the same Kentucky Derby, we looked at the sires of every Derby horse on record. Assuming none of his progeny scratch, this year Scat Daddy will tie Chicle as the most prolific derby sire for any one year.3Data gets spotty in the 19th century, so we may be missing some Victorian-era superstuds. (Chicle sired four racers in the 1923 Derby.)Scat Daddy isn’t the only stallion with multiple offspring in this year’s race. Three competitors were sired by Curlin: Vino Rosso (12-1), Good Magic (12-1) and Solomini (30-1). And just to keep it interesting, Bolt d’Oro (8-1) and Enticed (30-1) are both by the stallion Medaglia d’Oro.Scat Daddy died unexpectedly in 2015 at age 11, so this crop of 3-year-olds will be the second-to-last of his direct offspring to run for the roses. But Curlin, the two-time horse of the year, has a chance to enter the record books as a stallion. Overall, Curlin has already sired eight Derby contenders4Scat Daddy has sired seven. Again, assuming none of their offspring scratch from this year’s race. and he’s only 14, which means he may be able to keep breeding for another decade or so. According to our research, the record for fathering Derby runners is held by Black Toney, who sired 16, including Derby winners Black Gold and Brokers Tip. Fair Play19055– Free Drop Billy✓✓ Herbager19565– Alydar19756– Bull Dog19277– Wild Again19806– Sovereign Dancer19755– Mr. Prospector19707– Blue Larkspur19267– 7Tapit2001179– Seattle Slew19745– 26Mineshaft1999196– Mr. Prospector was the horse’s … Maria’s Mon19935– My Boy Jack✓ 37Into Mischief2005135– Damascus19645– Source: Equineline.com The 2018 Derby is something of a chance to avenge the 2007 Kentucky Derby for both Curlin and Scat Daddy, who had disappointing results in that race. Curlin finished a respectable third, but went on to beat that year’s Derby winner, Street Sense, to win both the Breeders’ Cup and the Preakness Stakes, the second leg of the Triple Crown. Scat Daddy had been a favorite at the betting windows before the 2007 Derby, but he finished a dismal 18th after suffering an injury.Why have these two returned so prominently, via their progeny, to the track? The answer lies both in talent and modern breeding practices.When thoroughbred racehorses shift to their second career as studs, it’s never a sure thing that they will produce high-quality foals. But as their progeny start showing promise, the stallions are held in higher regard, so breeders send in better and better mares, combining the most promising bloodlines in hopes of producing more competitive offspring.“Once a horse shows aptitude and ability, his commercial appeal increases,” said John Sikura, president of Hill ’n’ Dale, the Kentucky breeding farm where Curlin lives.Both Curlin and Scat Daddy attracted more interest from breeders as their progeny were increasingly successful. Curlin’s stud fee was set at $150,000 for the 2018 season, and Scat Daddy was also commanding six figures before his untimely death.The fact that Curlin and Scat Daddy have so many horses in the field is also a function of the modern approach to breeding: Keep ’em busy.Stallions today might “cover,” or breed with, more than 200 mares in a season, whereas the great sires of the past were breeding to a list, or book, of about 50 mares.“What you’re seeing is the ‘big book’ phenomenon,” said Jamie Hill, co-owner of McMahon and Hill Bloodstock agency.In 2014, when this year’s crop of Derby contenders was bred, Curlin bred with 152 mares and Scat Daddy covered 202, as reported to the Jockey Club. Of their more than 350 matings, seven progeny have made it to the 2018 Kentucky Derby, which only takes 20 horses every year.Shared parentage, though, is nothing in the big picture of breeding thoroughbred race horses. Look a few generations back, and they’re practically all related.Certain names crop up over and over in the pedigrees of this year’s Derby runners. Mr. Prospector, for example, shows up in every 2018 Derby runner’s lineage. 2Sir Gallahad III192013– Instilled Regard✓ Horsegreat-grandfathergreat-great-grandfathergreat-great-great-grandfather Bull Lea19355– Good Magic✓✓ Vino Rosso✓✓ Sickle19245– Enticed✓✓ 1Black Toney191116– Audible✓ Nasrullah19408– Show more rows*Sire data is incomplete for many of the early Derbies.Sources: Horse Racing Nation, Equineline.com Pulpit19946– ✓ Bravazo✓ Pharamond II19256– Royal Minstrel19255– Chicle19137– Halo19696– Justify✓✓ Smart Strike19926– Giant’s Causeway19978– Firenze Fire✓✓ Solomini✓ Unbridled19876– 9Curlin2004148– Distorted Humor1993257– Alibhai19385– Danzig19776– Nashua19527– Malibu Moon1997217– Broomstick190110– RKsirebornAge (if alive)Offspring in the derby Lone Sailor✓ Noble Indy✓✓ Bolt d’Oro Combatant✓✓✓ Unbridled’s Song19936– “He’s a dominant force. He was a sprinter, and he set a track record,” said Hill, adding that the horse’s widespread influence is even more impressive for the fact that Mr. Prospector was breeding in the era where studs covered 40 to 60 mares a year.Another major stallion, Northern Dancer, is widely represented. Scat Daddy, for example, had both Northern Dancer and Mr. Prospector in his pedigree. And when Scat Daddy was paired with the mare Stage Magic, whose bloodline also traces back to Mr. Prospector, they produced the 2018 Derby favorite Justify.While breeders are concerned that too much inbreeding will create freakish horses, the right combination can make for horses that are freakishly brilliant, said Hill, whose family owned the 1977 Triple Crown winner Seattle Slew.Can Justify get it done? He’s got history working both for and against him. Justify did not run as a 2-year-old, and the last horse to win the Kentucky Derby without running at age 2 was Apollo, more than 130 years ago in 1882. But Justify has been working with Triple Crown-winning trainer Bob Baffert, who has won the Derby four times.Scat Daddy also sired another morning-line favorite, Mendelssohn, who won the UAE Derby in Dubai by a huge margin — almost 19 lengths. He’s under the care of star trainer Aidan O’Brien.Among Curlin’s offspring, Vino Rosso won his last race, the Wood Memorial, and is trained by 2017 Derby-winning trainer Todd Pletcher. There’s also reason to like Good Magic, who won the 2017 Breeders’ Cup Juvenile and is trained by rising star Chad Brown.They’ve all got about two minutes to make daddy proud.